”  17. Islamic ritual, including the Hajj****, the stand*, the throw** and the run*** were all practiced by the pagans long before Muhammad adopted them into Islam. Muhammad took these pagan practices and declared them to be the correct way to worship a monotheistic Allah. In this way, the pagans could keep their old pagan practices and apply them to one god rather than hundreds. It made conversion to Islam very easy for the Arabs since Islam felt the same as their paganism.”

 

Quoted from: http://www.bible.ca/islam/islam-encyclopedia-westerners-need-to-know-list.htm

 

* ‘The Stand’:  “On the 9th of Dhu al-Hijjah pilgrims leave Mina for the plain of ‘Ararat for the wuquf, “the standing,” the central rite of the hajj.

In a re-enactment rite based upon a story of Muhammad, all are required to stand from midday to sunset in the very hot sun meditating.

God told Christians such rites are valueless: “These are matters which have, to be sure, the appearance of wisdom in self-made religion and self-abasement and severe treatment of the body, but are of no value against fleshly indulgence.” Col 1:23″

 

**’The Throw’:  “Pilgrims walk to Mina where they throw 7 stones at stone pillars which represent the devil. This is based upon a mythical event in the life of Abraham.

The Koran says that Abraham was told by God to sacrifice his only begotten son Ishmael. (All world history and the Bible says Isaac). On the way to make the sacrifice, the devil tried to convince Abraham not to sacrifice Ishmael. Abraham gathered up some stones and threw them at the devil until he disappeared.

So Pilgrims throw 7 stones at the stone pillars in Mina which represent evil and the devil . . .”

 

***’The Run’: ” The pilgrim is required to make several brisk walks between the hills of Safa and Marwat in a re-enactment ritual based upon a mythical event in the life of Hagar and Ishmael.

Muslims believe that these two hills of Safa and Marwat are where Hagar frantically ran back and forth seven times in search of water for her dying son, Ishmael. Hagar found water to save Ishmael at the “well of Zamzam”. So Pilgrims run back and forth between two hills of Safa and Marwat seven times and then go to the Zamzam well, beside Kaba.”

 

**** ‘The Hajj’:  “Pilgramage to Mecca and the fifth pillar of Islam. It is required of every able-bodied Muslim and who can afford it. No non-Muslim is allowed to visit Mecca or witness the hajj. The season begins in the 10th month, the month following Ramadan, and lasts through the middle of the 12th month. Muslims associate the origin of the Hajj and the founding of the Ka’aba with Abraham, who was believed to have built the Ka’aba.
Rituals begin 5 miles from centre of Mecca. No non-Muslims allowed any further. Muslims prepare, bath and does brief salat. Each man puts on two seamless white cloths, one round waist, the other over shoulder. He states his intention (niat): “O Allah, I purpose to make the hajj; make this service easy to me, and accept it from me.”
In the Ka’aba, goes round it 7 times, first three quickly (running), the other walking. He performs a brief salat at a point where Muslims believe Abraham and Ishamel rebuilt the Ka’aba. Outside the mosque, prilgrims run [‘the run’] between two hills, Safa and Marwa, 400 yards apart, in memory of Hagar running to find water for Ishmael.
On the 7th day of the month (Dhu al-Hajj), he listens to a sermon in the Great Mosque at Mecca, next day he travels east to Mina to spend the night. Most, continue to plain of Arafat, 12 to 14 miles east of Mecca. According to tradition, this is where Adam and Eve met after falling from Paradise. Important thing is to stand (wuquf) on a nearby hill on the afternoon of the 9th day [‘the stand’]. This is the hajj. Failure to meditate at this particular place means failure to complete the hajj. After sundown, returns to Muzdalifa to perform evening salat, collect some pebbles and spend the night.

On the 10th day, Muslims celebrate ‘Id al-Kabir (Greater Feast) or ‘Id al-Adha (Feast of the Sacrifice). The pilgrim continues toward Mecca, stoping at Mina to throw seven small stone at certain stone pillars [‘the throw’]. This “stoning of the Devil” is in memory of Abraham whom Muslims believe chased away Satan. Nearby is a hill where Muslims believe Abraham prepared to sacrifice Ishmael, and Muslims kills an animal according to his means.
Nails cut, shaved, and returns to normal clothes. Can be addressed as al-haji (or al-haja). Before leaving Arabia, he again goes round Ka’aba, drinks from well of Zamzam (which is believed by Muslims to be opened by Gabriel for Ishmael). Most pilgrims travel 250 miles to Medina to visit the tomb of Muhammad.
Hadith: the true pilgrim : “shall return (from Mecca) as pure from sin as the day on which he was born”. Another: “The reward of a pilgrim is paradise” (Mishkat).”
see also kissing of black stone, under HAJJ

 

All quotes from:  http://www.bible.ca/islam

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